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LAND ROVER SPECIALIZED VEHICLE WORKSHOP

restoration, maintenance, accessories, buying and selling

16/11/2019

The Land Rover I, II and III series.
The Land Rover was the first mass-produced four-wheel-drive civilian car with doors.
In 1992 Land Rover claimed that 70% of all the vehicles they had built were still in use.

Most models in the series feature a selectable two or four-wheel drive (4WD) leaf spring suspension, however the I series produced between 1948 and mid-1951 had constant 4WD through a freewheel mechanism and the Stage 1 V8 version of the III series featured permanent 4WD. All three models could be started with a crank.

Land Rover began production in 1948 with what was later called the I Series. This was launched at the Amsterdam Motor Show and was designed for agricultural and light industry use, with a steel box section chassis and body of aluminum.

Originally the Land Rover was a unique model, which from 1948 to 1951 used an 80-inch wheelbase and a 1.6-liter gasoline engine that produced around 50 hp (37 kW; 51 hp). The Rover P3's four-speed gearbox was used, with a new two-speed transfer case. This incorporated an unusual four-wheel drive system, with a free-wheel drive.
This was a basic vehicle: the door and roof covers (canvas or metal) were optional extras. In 1950, the lights were moved from a position behind the grille to protruding through the grille.

Series II had production from 1958 to 1961. It was produced at 88 (2,200 mm) and 109 at (2,800 mm) wheelbase. This was the first Land Rover to receive the attention of the Rover design department, the first vehicle to use the well-known 2.25-liter gasoline engine, although the first 1,500 short wheelbase (SWB) models retained the 2.0 liter, 52 hp (39 kW) Series I.

The Série II A includes some minor cosmetic changes, the factory available body configurations ranged from the soft top to the five-door station wagon.

Beginning in February 1969, the headlamps moved toward the wings on all models, and the rear panels were redesigned to be shallower.

The II A series is considered by many to be the strongest built model. It is possibly also the type of classic Land Rover that stands out strongly in the perception of the general public of Land Rover.

 

ENGINE: Diesel, 4 cylinder in line

Displacement: 2,052 cm3; Max power: 52 hp at 3,500 rpm Max torque: 117 Nm at 2,000 rpm

Feeding: Mechanical indirect injection

TRANSMISSION: Traction: permanent rear, manual connection of the front and reduction gear.

Shift: Manual, 4-speed

BRAKES: Front / Rear: Drums

DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS APPROX. Length / width / height: 3,620 / 1,680 / 1,950 mm Weight (MOM): 1,400 kg

PERFORMANCE: Vel. Max .: 95 Km / h
CONSUMPTION APPROX. 12 l / 100 km


The II B series included a new engine for the export market.

Series III is the most common vehicle built from 1971 to 1985, the 1,000,000th unit went off the production line in 1976. Series III saw many changes in the later part of its life when Land Rover updated the design to suit the increasing competition.
The instrument cluster, which was previously located in the center, moved to the driver's side.
In addition, new trim options were introduced to make the interior more comfortable if the buyer desires (many farmers and business users prefer the original interior without trim).

ENGINE: Diesel, 4 cylinder in line

Displacement: 2,286 cm3; Max power: 67 hp at 4,000 rpm Max torque: 142 Nm at 1,800 rpm

Feeding: Indirect injection

TRANSMISSION: Traction: permanent rear, front axle connection and reduction.

Shift: Manual, 4-speed + overdrive

BRAKES: Front / Rear: Drums

DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS APPROX. Length / width / height: 3,600 / 1,650 / 1,750 mm, Weight: 1,450 kg

PERFORMANCE: Vel. Max .: 100 Km / h
CONSUMPTION APPROX. 10 l / 100 km


The Pick Up version for the 109 chassis was of great interest.